There are numerous ways to reduce the fat cells from the body which are employed by today’s cosmetic surgeons allover the world. Cryolipolysis is one of the techniques which is used to help people to get in shape. Cryolipolysis has an edge over other techniques as it is non invasive and only effects on adipose tissues leaving other tissues unaffected. Cryolipolysis target the adipose tissues and induce lipolysis by breaking down the fat cells while the adjoining cells and tissues are not involved. The technique was first used by Dermatologists Dieter Manstein and R.Rox Anderson M.D. of the Wellman center for photomedicine at Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston. They carefully conducted the procedure under controlled conditions and shows that these subcutaneous cells are naturally more vulnerable to the cold effects than other surrounding tissues.
These adipose cells are exposed to cooling via energy extraction resulting the cell apoptosis. Apoptosis is a natural controlled death of the cell which in turn leads for the releasing of the cytokines and other inflammatory mediators that eliminate the affected cells. These inflammatory cells slowly digest the affected cells and after some time of procedure there are reducing in the thickness of the fat layer. After that the lymphatic system slowly drains the released lipids from the fat cells and is eliminated from the blood. The prolonged and controlled cooling of local tissue induces selective fat cell reduction and subsequent loss of subcutaneous fat. During this process the overlying skin is not damaged.
Most of the fat removing methods causes necrotic cell death by damaging fat with high intensity focused ultrasound, heat, or chemical injections. Each of these approaches has some technical challenges specially in targeting the right tissue depth and unintended damage to other structures close to the fat layer. In comparison the Cryolipolysis performed by care well centre surgeons induces apoptosis only in fat cells and reduce fat layers while preserving the neighboring tissues.
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